Women experience dull complexion on their skin as one of the effects of post-pregnancy hormones. Such post-pregnancy hormones change the once glowing complexion in women to blotchy veins and ravaged skin. These dark patches on the skin appear due to high levels of pregnancy hormones in the body. The dark brown spots are a common occurrence in people with light skin. The change in the pigmentation on the woman’s face is called chloasma or melasma. On the other hand, the dark line which runs down the woman’s belly is called the linea nigra. These dark patches fade away with time after pregnancy though some may never disappear entirely.
Common skin problems that cause dull complexion while pregnant are:
I. Melasma: Occurs due to increased pigmentation leading to dark patches on the cheeks and the forehead.
II. Stretch marks; occurs due to stretching of the skin as a result of weight gain. Usually, appear on the thighs, hips, and legs.
III. Change in skin texture; due to fatigue and hormonal changes, there are chances that the skin might become dull.
IV. Oversensitive skin; Also, due to hormonal changes, the skin, may become more sensitive thus dark complexion when exposed to the scorching sun.
Pregnancy and symptoms week by week are as given below:
The followings are the symptoms and changes women experience during pregnancy.
It is the stage just after the gestation age, which starts on the first day after a woman’s last menstrual period. Here the pregnancy is not physically noticeable. Most of the changes are internal.
Typical symptoms here include; breast tenderness and digestion problems like gas or constipation. Perpetual headaches, mood swings, food cravings, and nausea.
The baby at this stage is called an embryo. The embryo just floats within the uterus during this transformation phase. Uterus lining protects the fetus from the secretions of the uterus lining.
Symptoms experienced here are; changes in vaginal discharge, tingling sensation in the breast around the nipples due to hormonal increase in blood supply, fatigue, becoming emotional, the ovaries starts to trigger the formation of progesterone hormone that prepares the uterus to host the embryo.
Implantation occurs during this stage. One may experience some light vaginal bleeding. However, if this appears to be heavier, then one needs to see a doctor.
At this stage, the body parts like legs arms and the umbilical cord forms. The symptoms here are like nausea, mood swings, morning sickness, craving for particular food etcetera.
Symptoms at this stage are breast tenderness, fatigue, frequent urination, vomiting worsens, faster heartbeat and heartburn.
Symptoms: The breast grows and changes, the nipples become larger and darken.
Symptoms: Some of the earlier symptoms disappear, reduced nausea, constipation, severe heartburn, darkening of the nipples, dizziness and fainting in some women due to changes in the blood pressure.
Symptoms: the fetal movement for the first time, shortness of breath, dizziness, nausea and bleeding gums.
Symptoms: Symptoms from the earlier weeks continue, the breast may start producing colostrum, tiny milk drops that may continue throughout the pregnancy.
Symptoms: The uterus expands, back pain is experienced, and dizziness goes away.
Symptoms: Tiredness and more breathing difficulties, varicose veins, stretch marks that cause dull complexion, hair grow healthier due to active pregnancy hormones.
Symptoms: Difficulty in holding urine, fetus roll down to the lower uterus part lowering constipation and severe heartburn, more stretch marks develop as the skin expands and women continue to experience short breath.
Most women deliver at this stage.
Symptoms: the uterus has fully expanded, severe heartburn and constipation, shortness of breath improves as the fetus drops to the lower uterus in the pelvis, frequent urination, the cervix opens up in preparation for birth, sharp pains as the cervix dilates. After birth, the placenta comes out of the mother’s body as after birth.
How to improve your Dull Complexion after Pregnancy
You can manage post pregnancy dull complexion managed as follows:
I. Use of sunscreen to prevent the harshness of the sun
II. Uses of daily skin care creams to sooth the stretch marks and fade them away.
III. Drinking lots of water keeps one hydrated resulting to a cleaner body.
IV. Skin exfoliation which involves the scrubbing of the skin helps rid off dull complexion
V. Stay away from the sun as it would worsen the situation.
Pregnancies cause hormone-induced atrocities to a woman's skin that was once radiant and glowing. Pregnant women should avoid standing for a long time and always prop their feet. Exercise the body to improve blood circulation to rid out "pregnancy glow". Use a fragrance-free cleanser for pimple breakouts and sunscreen with SPF 15 when you are out in the sun for a long time.